WRITING TASK 2: YÊU CẦU LÀM BÀI

TOPIC 1:

In spite of the advances made in agriculture, many people around the world still go hungry. Why is this the case? What can be done about this problem?Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own experience or knowledge. Write at least 250 words.

TOPIC 2:

Nowadays food travels thousands of miles before reaching consumers. It affects the agriculture and economy of the destination country, and for this reason, people should prefer food produced by local farmers. Do you agree or disagree? Give reasons for your answers and include examples from your experience.

YÊU CẦU:

  1. Đọc đề, phân tích yêu cầu của 2 đề. Tự viết hướng trả lời câu hỏi dạng brainstorming – bằng tiếng Việt hay tiếng Anh đều được.
  2. Viết introduction cho cả 2 đề.
  3. Đọc bài mẫu như dưới đây, xem video phân tích bài mẫu của đề số 1.
  • SAMPLE ESSAY 7.5Recent years have witnessed tremendous developments in agricultural science yet every day people all over the world continue to suffer and even die from hunger. In my opinion, this is because innovations rarely impact the developing world and the best solution for it is to direct humanitarian funding towards these advances.

    The main cause of more advanced agricultural methods not reaching the people who need it the most is that the developing world has trouble implementing these methods. There are a number of reasons for this ranging from limited financial resources to poor existing infrastructure to political instability, depending on the country in question. One example of this would be in many African nations, where malnourishment has historically been highest. Countries like the Congo have seen revolution after revolution over the last several decades, which has effectively destabilised the entire country. The universities where students would learn about changes in agriculture are frequently shut down or destroyed. The young people who would become agricultural scientists end up drawn into the conflict as soldiers or victims. Long-term economic neglect means that the government has very limited ability to subsidise farming. These problems are present to varying degrees in countries around the world and offer one possible explanation for the continued prevalence of hunger.

    The solution that I believe would be most effective is directing humanitarian funds previously focused on food aid towards education and agricultural infrastructure. Food aid is a notoriously poor solution because it only offers an immediate solution and warlords often exploit it to support their continued mistreatment of their people. It hurts more than it helps. However, there would be better long-term effects if international organisations and governments redirected that money into helping build better farms, provide more modern equipment, and sending qualified professions to train people in need. There is a TedTalk by a young man in Kenya who built his own windmill out of old bicycle parts and by reading a book in the local library. It is large enough to power his own house and he was seeking financing for a larger one that would power irrigation channels for the entire village. If more people like him can be found or trained then this will have an impact that lasts for decades and is relatively impervious to the factors preventing agricultural advances from taking root in developing countries.

    In conclusion, developing companies face myriad problems that hinder their ability to take advantage of newer agricultural models and we should direct more funding to helping these countries learn more about new farming methods. This is likely to be an important issue in the world as the gap between rich and poor, developed and undeveloped widens while technological progress continues its indifferent march forward.

4- Xem outline và viết đoạn body 1.

      OUTLINE DỰA VÀO BÀI SAMPLE

* INTRO:

1. witnessed tremendous developments in agricultural science -people continue to suffer and even die from hunger.

2. innovations rarely impact – direct humanitarian funding

* BODY 1:

innovations rarely impact the developing world – trouble implementing these methods. limited financial resources, poor existing infrastructure or political instability.

* BODY 2:

directing humanitarian funds previously focused on food aid towards education and agricultural infrastructure. Example: food aid a poor solution, build infrastructure – provide equipment and train people can bring long term effect.

* CONCLUSION:

directing humanitarian funds previously focused on food aid towards education and agricultural infrastructure. Example: food aid a poor solution, build infrastructure – provide equipment and train people can bring long term effect.

 

5- Tham khảo LIST TỪ VỰNG và nghĩa tương ứng với đề bài:

  1. witnessed tremendous developments: saw great changes – chứng kiến sự thay đổilớn
  2. innovations: new ideas/inventions: sự đổi mới, phát kiến
  3. direct humanitarian funding towards: put more charity money into: dồn tiền từ thiện vào việc gì đó
  4. have trouble implementing these methods: have difficult time making these changes: gặp khó khăn để tạo ra sự thay đổi
  5. ranging from: including: bao gồm
  6. poor existing infrastructure: bad roads, buildings, etc.: cơ sở hạ tầng có sẵn yếu kém
  7. political instability: problems with the government related to war, strife, and mismanagement: vấn đề chính trị không ổn định
  8. malnourishment: lack of nutrients for the body: suy dinh dưỡng
  9. historically been highest: in the past has been the greatest: lớn nhất trong lịch sử
  10. revolution: when people in a country revolt and try to change the government: cuộc cách mạng
  11. destabilised: lack of clear leadership, uncertain times: làm cho không ổn định
  12. drawn into the conflict: become part of a war/fighting -bị lôi kéo vào tranh chấp
  13. neglect: don’t pay attention to: tảng lờ, phớt lờ
  14. subsidise farming: governments giving money to farmers – tài trợ cho nông nghiệp
  15. present to varying degrees: exists either a little or a lot – có mặt/ tồn tại với mức độ khác nhau
  16. one possible explanation: one reason why – một sự lý giải
  17. continued prevalence: still strong/common: tiếp tục phổ biến
  18. notoriously: famous for being bad: mang tiếng xấu- mang nét nghĩa tiêu cực
  19. warlords: the revolutionaries who start wars in some African countries : người khơi mào chiến tranh
  20. long-term effects: impact over a long period of time: hiệu quả trong dài hạn
  21. redirected: change the direction: thay đổi hướng
  22. in need: to need something: đang cần
  23. seeking financing: looking for money: tìm kiếm hỗ trợ tài chính
  24. irrigation: providing water for farms: hệ thống tưới nước
  25. relatively impervious: cannot be touched/impacted to some extent: không bị tác động – bị miễn nhiễm về một vài phương diện
  26. taking root: begins to have an effect: bắt đầu có tiến triển
  27. face myriad problems: have many problems – gặp rất nhiều vấn đề
  28. hinder: hold back or harm: cản trở, ngăn cản
  29. gap between rich and poor: the difference between rich and poor: khoảng cách giữa giàu và nghèo
  30. indifferent: uncaring: không có gì khác biệt
Chưa có đánh giá.

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